Anggit Meitri posted an update 2 months, 2 weeks ago
Journal Review VII
Critical Discourse Analysis and Educational Research
This study was written by Nasir H. S. Bukhari and Dr. Wang Xiaoyang from Institute of Education Tsinghua University and published by IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education.
Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) is a field that is used to analyze the written and spoken texts to explore the discursive sources of power, dominance inequality and bias. It critically evaluates how these discursive sources are maintained and reproduced within specific social, political, and historical contexts (Van Djik, 1998). CDA is a “ discourse analysis which aims to systematically explore often opaque relationships of causality and determination between (a) discursive practices, events, and texts, and (b) wider social and cultural structures, relations and process; to investigate how such practices, events, and texts arise out of and are ideologically shape the relations of power and struggles over power; and to explore how the opacity of these relationships between discourse and society itself a factor securing power and hegemony” ( Fairclough, 1993). CDA simply aims to reveal the connections discourse practices that a layman can understand.
CDA has become an established academic discipline with the same rituals and institutional practices as all other academic discipline. The interest in CDA as research tool is developing swiftly, and the critical perspective is emerging essentially as a research methodology for the investigation of language use. CDA is developing into interdisciplinary research domain par excellence, and thus offer interesting perspective for integrated research on language in society. MaCgee and Fraser (2000), defines that professional practices refer to the ideas and practices that mark the (teachers) researchers out as professional decision makers. These researchers inform their practice by a critical consideration of theory and knowledge. CDA helps researchers (teachers) to investigate the relations between the ideas and the practices in the social contexts. We posit CDA as a promising methodology for the study of many traditional objects of writings studies (e.g., multimodal texts, composing practices, teaching practices), and rhetorical criticism (e.g., diction, style, genre, argument, critical thinking) (Huckin et al., 2012).
CDA is multidisciplinary approach that is being widely applied to explore the link between the educational practices and social contexts. Educational researchers are interested in how text are put together (Bloom & Certer, 2001; Lemke, 1992; Peyntong-Young, 2001), studies of policy (Collins, 2001; Corson,2000, Woodside-Jiron,2000),and interactions in classrooms and schools ( Bloome & Egan-Robertson, 1993; Kumarvadivelu,1999; Roger,2003). All of these studies are linked in their inquiry into the relationship between language and social configuration of education. According to Bukhari et al., (2012) there are changes in teaching, learning and curriculum, and school and community role has also changed that laid impacts upon teachers‟ roles. It is likely that teachers should understand the relationship of educational research and teachinglearning process. The existing theories, approaches to curriculum as well as teaching strategies essentially help the teachers to innovate their professional practice of teaching. In order to execute their professional practices, teachers need to acquire ample knowledge and many skills. Not so long ago teaching was considered as an emerging applied science based upon laws of cause and effect. A skilled teacher can orchestrate the complex activities of classroom. Professionals are also need to be lifelong learner. In the view of this perspective CDA is useful to investigate the relationships between the teaching, learning and curriculum, and school and community role as well as ideologies and power (basic factor for educational policies) and their impacts on the classroom process and teaching – learning activity. The CDA can effectively be applied for exploring the educational issues in the contexts of conflict between power and social realities.CDA is an emerging method of research despite the fact that it still needs to be improved and established as an authentic method.